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Arthur Scherbius

(30 October 1878 – 13 May 1929) A German engineer who finished studies at the Technical University in Munich and Hanover where he was granted a PhD title. In 1918 Arthur Scherbius together with a co-partner set up the Scherbius & Ritter company and on 23 February of the same year moved for registration of copyrights to the rotor cipher machine known under the name Enigma. He offered the new product to the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Command of Navy. However, the technical novelty did not arouse interest from officials. It was not until 1928 that the German Reichswehr authorised the machine for general use in its units. A year later Scherbius died as a result of injuries suffered after horses bolted while he was driving a horse-drawn cart.

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