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Alan Turing

(23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) A British mathematician, cryptologist and co-author of foundations of computer science. He graduated from prestigious studies at the King’s College in Cambridge where he wrote his most significant research work titled “On Computable Numbers” on programming of mathematical computation. In 1939 he was offered to work as a cryptoanalyst in a secret decryption centre in the Bletchley Park near London. Relying on Polish pre-war successes in the field of cipher cracking, Alan Turing designed the so-called Turing bomb. From then on the British on a regular basis broke German ciphers. After the 2nd World War, he worked on building of computational machines. As a result of accusations of homosexuality (in the Great Britain after the war it was still punishable) he was ousted from the project. Alan Turing underwent a compulsory hormonal therapy after which he committed suicide.

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